Francis, D., Dust in the wind and the snowy Alps: a cautionary tale, The Science Breaker journal,

Abida, R., Nelli, N., Francis, D., Masson, O., Fonseca, R., Bosc, E., and Temimi, M.: Microphysics of radiation fog and estimation of fog deposition velocity for atmospheric dispersion applications, EGUsphere, Atm. Chem. Phys. Discussion,

Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Mattingly, K. S., Lhermitte, S., and Walker, C.: Foehn winds at Pine Island Glacier and their role in ice changes, The Cryosphere, 17, 3041–3062,

Ben-Romdhane, H.; Francis, D.; Cherif, C.; Pavlopoulos, K.; Ghedira, H.; Griffiths, S. Detecting and Predicting Archaeological Sites Using Remote Sensing and Machine Learning—Application to the Saruq Al-Hadid Site, Dubai, UAE. Geosciences 2023, 13, x.

Fonseca R., D. Francis, G. Aulicino, K. S. Mattingly, G. Fusco, G. Budillon, Atmospheric controls on the Terra Nova Bay polynya occurrence in Antarctica, Climate Dynamics, 2023.

Francis D., R. Fonseca, N. Nelli, D. Bozkurt, J. Cuesta, E. Bosc, On the Middle East's severe dust storms in spring 2022: Triggers and impacts, Atmospheric Environment, 2023, 119539, ISSN 1352-2310.

Francis D., R. Fonseca, K. S. Mattingly, S. Lhermitte, C. Walker, Foehn Winds at Pine Island Glacier and their role in Ice Changes, The Cryosphere Discussions, 2023.

Francis D., M. Weston, R. Fonseca, M. Temimi, A. Alsuwaidi, Trends and variability in methane concentrations over the Southeastern Arabian Peninsula, Frontiers in Environmental Science, 11, 2023.


Abida, R.; Addad, Y.; Francis, D.; Temimi, M.; Nelli, N.; Fonseca, R.; Nesterov, O.; Bosc, E. Evaluation of the Performance of the WRF Model in a Hyper-Arid Environment: A Sensitivity Study. Atmosphere 2022, 13, 985.

Francis, D., Fonseca, R., & Nelli, N. (2022). Key Factors Modulating the Threat of the Arabian Sea’s Tropical Cyclones to the Gulf Countries. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD036528.

Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Mattingly, K. S., Marsh, O. J., Lhermitte, S., & Cherif, C. (2022). Atmospheric triggers of the Brunt Ice Shelf calving in February 2021. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD036424.

Diana Francis, Ricardo Fonseca, Narendra Nelli, Oriol Teixido, Ruqaya Mohamed, Richard Perry, 2022, Increased Shamal winds and dust activity over the Arabian Peninsula during the COVID-19 lockdown period in 2020, Aeolian Research, Volume 55, 2022, 100786, ISSN 1875-9637.

Fonseca R., D. Francis, N. Nelli, and C. Cherif (2022) Regional atmospheric circulation patterns driving consecutive fog events in the United Arab Emirates, Atmospheric Research, 2022, 106506, ISSN 0169-8095.

Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Nelli, N., Farrah, S., Wehbe, Y., Al Hosari, T., & Al Mazroui, A. (2022). Assessment of the WRF Model as a Guidance Tool into Cloud Seeding Operations in the United Arab Emirates. Earth and Space Science, 9, e2022EA002269.

Nelli N., D. Francis, R. Fonseca, E. Bosc, Y. Addad, M. Temimi, R. Abida, M. Weston, C. Cherif (2022) Characterization of the atmospheric circulation near the Empty Quarter desert during major weather events. Front. Environ. Sci. - Atmosphere and Climate.

Parajuli SP, Jin Q and Francis D (2022) Editorial: Atmospheric dust: How it affects climate, environment and life on Earth?. Front. Environ. Sci. 10:1058052. doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2022.1058052.

Raj P., N. Padiyath, N. Semioshkina, Y. Addad, F. Foulon, D. Francis, G. Voigt, 2022, Conceptualization of arid region radioecology strategies for agricultural ecosystems of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Science of The Total Environment, 2022, 154965, ISSN 0048-9697.

Weston, M., Francis, D., Nelli, N. R., Fonseca, R., Temimi, M., Addad, Y., The first characterisation of fog microphysics in the United Arab Emirates, an arid region on the Arabian Peninsula.

Weston, M. J., Piketh, S. J., Burnet, F., Broccardo, S., Denjean, C., Bourrianne, T., and Formenti, P.: Sensitivity analysis of an aerosol-aware microphysics scheme in Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) during case studies of fog in Namibia, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 10221–10245, 2022.

Zittis G. , M. Almazroui, P. Alpert, P. Ciais, W. Cramer, Y. Dahdal, M. Fnais, D. Francis et al., Climate change and weather extremes in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, Reviews of Geophysics.


Branch, O., Schwitalla, T., Temimi, M., Fonseca, R., Nelli, N., Weston, M., Milovac, J., and Wulfmeyer, V.: Seasonal and diurnal performance of daily forecasts with WRF V3.8.1 over the United Arab Emirates, Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 1615–1637, 2021.

Francis D., R. Fonseca, N. Nelli, Deniz Bozkurt, G. Picard, B. Guan, Atmospheric rivers drive exceptional Saharan dust transport towards Europe, Atmospheric Research, 2021, 105959, ISSN 0169-8095,(

Francis D., N. Nelli, R. Fonseca, M. Weston, C. Flamant, C. Cherif, 2021, The dust load and radiative impact associated with the June 2020 historical Saharan dust storm, Atmospheric Environment, Volume 268, 2022, 118808, ISSN 1352-2310.

Francis, D., Mattingly, K. S., Lhermitte, S., Temimi, M., and Heil, P.: Atmospheric extremes caused high oceanward sea surface slope triggering the biggest calving event in more than 50 years at the Amery Ice Shelf, The Cryosphere, 15, 2147–2165, 2021.

Francis, D., ‘Rivers in the sky’ carrying warm air destroy precious Antarctic sea ice, 2021, The Science Breaker Journal.

Francis, D, Temimi, M, Fonseca, R, et al. On the analysis of a summertime convective event in a hyperarid environment. Q J R Meteorol Soc. 2021; 147: 501– 525.

Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Weston, M., Nelli, N., Farah, S., Wehbe, Y., AlHosari, T., Teixido, O., Mohamed, R. Sensitivity of Summertime Convection to Aerosol Loading and Properties in the United Arab Emirates. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 1687.
Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Nelli, N., Thota, M., 2021. Climatology of the Heat Low and the Intertropical Discontinuity in the Arabian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology.
Nelli, N. R., Fissehaye, S., Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Temimi, M., Weston, M., Abida, R., and O. Nesterov (2021) "Characteristics of atmospheric aerosols over the UAE inferred from CALIPSO and Sun Photometer Aerosol Optical Depth." Earth and Space Sciences .
Nelli, N.R., Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Abida, R., Weston, M., Youssef, W., Al Hosary, T., 2021. The Atmospheric Controls of Extreme Convective Events over the Southern Arabian Peninsula during the Spring Season. Atmospheric Research, 105788.
Nesterov, O., Temimi, M., Fonseca, R., Nelli, N.R., Addad, Y., Bosc, E., Abida, R., 2021. Validation and statistical analysis of Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperatures (GHRSST) data in the Arabian Gulf. Oceanologia.
Weston, M., Temimi, M., Burger, R., Piketh, S., 2021. A Fog Climatology at Abu Dhabi International Airport. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol.

Weston, M., Temimi, M., Fonseca, R., Nelli, N. R., D. Francis and S. Piketh (2021) "A rule-based method for diagnosing radiation fog in an arid region from NWP forecasts." Journal of Hydrology.


Francis, D., Fonseca, R., Nelli, N. R., Cuesta, J., Evan, A., and M. Temimi (2020) "The Atmospheric Drivers of the Major Saharan Dust Storm in June 2020." Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL090102.

Francis, D., Mattingly, K. S., Lhermitte, S., Temimi, M., and P., Heil (2020). "Atmospheric extremes triggered the biggest calving event in more than 50 years at the Amery Ice shelf in September 2019." The Cryosphere Discussions.
Francis D., J-P. Chaboureau, N. Nelli, J. Cuesta, N. Alshamsi, M. Temimi, L. Xue, O. Pauluis (2020), Summertime dust storms over the Arabian Peninsula and impacts on radiation, circulation, cloud development and rain, Atmospheric Research, 2020, 105364, ISSN 0169-8095.

Francis D., K. S. Mattingly, M. Temimi, R. Massom, P. Heil, On the crucial role of atmospheric rivers in the two major Weddell Polynya events in 1973 and 2017 in Antarctica. Sci. Adv. 6, eabc2695 (2020).

R. Fonseca, M. Temimi, M. Thota, N. Nelli, M.J. Weston, K. Suzuki, J. Uchida, K. N. Kuma, O. Branch, Y. Wehbe, T. Al Hosari, N. Al Shamsi, A. Shalaby (2020). "On the Analysis of the Performance of WRF and NICAM in a Hyperarid Environment" Weather and Forecasting.

Hill, P. R., Kumar, A., Temimi, M., and D. R. Bull (2020) "HABNet: Machine Learning, Remote Sensing-Based Detection of Harmful Algal Blooms." IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 13, 3229-3239.
Nelli, N. R., Temimi, M., Fonseca, R. M., Weston, M. J., Thota, M. S., Valappil, V. K., Branch, O., Wulfmeyer, V., Wehbe, Y., Al Hosari, T., Shalaby, A., Al Shamsi, N., and H., Al Naqbi (2020). "Impact of roughness length on WRF simulated Land-Atmosphere interactions over a hyper-arid region." Journal of Earth and Space Sciences, 7, e2020EA001165.

Nelli, N. R., Temimi, M., Fonseca, R., Francis, D., Nesterov, O., Abida, R., Weston, M., and A. Kumar (2020). Anatomy of the Annular Solar Eclipse of 26 December 2019 and its Impact on Land-Atmosphere Interactions over an Arid Region. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters (Accepted)
Temimi, M., Fonseca, R. M., Nelli, N. R., Weston, M., Thota, M. S., Valappil, V., Branch, O., Wizemann, H.-D., Wehbe, Y., Al Hosari, T., Shalaby, A., Al Shamsi, N., and H. Al Naqbi (2020). "Assessing the Impact of Changes in Land Surface Conditions on WRF Predictions in Arid Regions." Journal of Hydrometeorology (Accepted)
Thota, M. S., Temimi, M., Ajayamohan, R. S., Nelli, N. R., Fonseca, R., Weston, M., and V. Valappil (2020). On the investigation of the typology of fog events in an arid environment and the link with climate patterns. Mon. Wea. Rev., doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-20-0073.1.

Wehbe, Y., Temimi, M., and R. F. Adler (2020). "Enhancing Precipitation Estimates Through the Fusion of Weather Radar, Satellite Retrievals, and Surface Parameters." Remote Sensing 12(8): 1342.

Weston, M., and M. Temimi (2020) "Application of a Nighttime Fog Detection Method Using SEVIRI Over an Arid Environment." Remote Sensing, 12, 2881.

M.J. Weston, M. Temimi, N. Nelli, R. Fonseca, M. Thota, V. Valappil (2020). "On the Analysis of the Low-Level Double Temperature Inversion Over the United Arab Emirates: A Case Study During April 2019." IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters.

L. Yousef, M. Temimi, A. Molini, M. Weston, Y. Wehbe, and A. Al Mandous (2020). " Cloud Cover over the Arabian Peninsula from Global Satellite and Reanalysis Products" Atmospheric Research. Volume 238, 1 July 2020, 104866.


AlJassar, H. K., M. Temimi, D. Entekhabi, P. Petrov, H. AlSarraf, P. Kokkalis and N. Roshni (2019). "Forward Simulation of Multi-Frequency Microwave Brightness Temperature over Desert Soils in Kuwait and Comparison with Satellite Observations." Remote Sensing Journal.
Gultepe, I., R. Sharman, P. D. Williams, B. Zhou, G. Ellrod, P. Minnis, S. Trier, S. Griffin, S. S. Yum, B. Gharabaghi, W. Feltz, M. Temimi, Z. Pu, L. N. Storer, P. Kneringer, M. J. Weston, H.-y. Chuang, L. Thobois, A. P. Dimri, S. J. Dietz, G. B. França, M. V. Almeida and F. L. A. Neto (2019). "A Review of High Impact Weather for Aviation Meteorology." Pure and Applied Geophysics 176(5): 1869-1921.
Karagulian, F., M. Temimi, D. Ghebreyesus, M. Weston, N. K. Kondapalli, V. K. Valappil, A. Aldababesh, A. Lyapustin, N. Chaouch, F. Al Hammadi and A. Al Abdooli (2019). "Analysis of a severe dust storm and its impact on air quality conditions using WRF-Chem modeling, satellite imagery, and ground observations." Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 12(4): 453-470.
Nelli, N. R., M. Temimi, R. M. Fonseca, M. J. Weston, M. S. Thota, V. K. Valappil, O. Branch, H.-D. Wizemann, V. Wulfmeyer and Y. Wehbe (2019). "Micrometeorological measurements in an arid environment: Diurnal characteristics and surface energy balance closure." Atmospheric Research: 104745.
Temimi, M., R. M. Fonseca, N. R. Nelli, V. K. Valappil, M. J. Weston, M. S. Thota, Y. Wehbe and L. Yousef (2019). "On the analysis of ground-based microwave radiometer data during fog conditions." Atmospheric Research: 104652.
Valappil, V. K., M. Temimi, M. Weston, R. Fonseca, N. R. Nelli, M. Thota and K. N. Kumar (2019). "Assessing Bias Correction Methods in Support of Operational Weather Forecast in Arid Environment." Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences.
Wehbe, Y., M. Temimi, M. Weston, N. Chaouch, O. Branch, T. Schwitalla, V. Wulfmeyer, X. Zhan, J. Liu and A. Al Mandous (2019). "Analysis of an extreme weather event in a hyper-arid region using WRF-Hydro coupling, station, and satellite data." Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 19(6): 1129-1149.
Yousef, L. A., M. Temimi, Y. Wehbe and A. Al Mandous (2019). "Total cloud cover climatology over the United Arab Emirates." Atmospheric Science Letters 20(2): e883.


Aldababseh, A., M. Temimi, P. Maghelal, O. Branch and V. Wulfmeyer (2018). "Multi-Criteria Evaluation of Irrigated Agriculture Suitability to Achieve Food Security in an Arid Environment." Sustainability 10(3): 803.
Beegum, S. N., I. Gherboudj, N. Chaouch, M. Temimi and H. Ghedira (2018). "Simulation and analysis of synoptic scale dust storms over the Arabian Peninsula." Atmospheric Research 199: 62-81.
Wehbe, Y., M. Temimi, D. T. Ghebreyesus, A. Milewski, H. Norouzi and E. Ibrahim (2018). "Consistency of precipitation products over the Arabian Peninsula and interactions with soil moisture and water storage." Hydrological Sciences Journal 63(3): 408-425.
Weston, M., N. Chaouch, V. Valappil, M. Temimi, M. Ek and W. Zheng (2018). "Assessment of the Sensitivity to the Thermal Roughness Length in Noah and Noah-MP Land Surface Model Using WRF in an Arid Region." Pure and Applied Geophysics 176(5): 2121-2137.


Aldababseh, A. and M. Temimi (2017). "Analysis of the Long-Term Variability of Poor Visibility Events in the UAE and the Link with Climate Dynamics." Atmosphere 8(12): 242.
Chaouch, N., M. Temimi, M. Weston and H. Ghedira (2017). "Sensitivity of the meteorological model WRF-ARW to planetary boundary layer schemes during fog conditions in a coastal arid region." Atmospheric Research 187: 106-127.
Lacava, T., E. Ciancia, I. Coviello, C. Di Polito, C. Grimaldi, N. Pergola, V. Satriano, M. Temimi, J. Zhao and V. Tramutoli (2017). "A MODIS-Based Robust Satellite Technique (RST) for Timely Detection of Oil Spilled Areas." Remote Sensing 9(2): 128.
Ray, R., A. Fares, Y. He and M. Temimi (2017). "Evaluation and Inter-Comparison of Satellite Soil Moisture Products Using In Situ Observations over Texas, U.S." Water 9(6): 372.
Wehbe, Y., D. Ghebreyesus, M. Temimi, A. Milewski and A. Al Mandous (2017). "Assessment of the consistency among global precipitation products over the United Arab Emirates." Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies 12: 122-135.
Zhao, J., M. Temimi, M. Al Azhar and H. Ghedira (2017). "Analysis of bloom conditions in fall 2013 in the Strait of Hormuz using satellite observations and model simulations." Marine Pollution Bulletin 115(1-2): 315-323DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.12.024 23. Zhao, J., M. Temimi and H. Ghedira (2017). "Remotely sensed sea surface salinity in the hyper-saline Arabian Gulf: Application to landsat 8 OLI data." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 187: 168-177.


Al Azhar, M., M. Temimi, J. Zhao and H. Ghedira (2016). "Modeling of circulation in the Arabian Gulf and the Sea of Oman: Skill assessment and seasonal thermohaline structure." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121(3): 1700-1720.
Coopersmith, E. J., M. H. Cosh, J. E. Bell, V. Kelly, M. Hall, M. A. Palecki and M. Temimi (2016). "Deploying temporary networks for upscaling of sparse network stations." International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 52: 433-444.
Cullen CA, Kashuk S, Suhili R, Khanbilvardi R and Temimi M (2016). "A Multistage Technique to Minimize Overestimations of Slope Susceptibility at Large Spatial Scales." Journal of Remote Sensing & GIS 5(2).
Ghebreyesus, D., M. Temimi, A. Fares and H. Bayabil (2016). "A Multi-Satellite Approach for Water Storage Monitoring in an Arid Watershed." Geosciences 6(3): 33.
Ghebreyesus, D. T., M. Temimi, A. Fares and H. K. Bayabil (2016). Remote Sensing Applications for Monitoring Water Resources in the UAE Using Lake Zakher as a Water Storage Gauge. Emerging Issues in Groundwater Resources, Springer International Publishing: 145-157.

Mezhoud, N., M. Temimi, J. Zhao, M. R. Al Shehhi and H. Ghedira (2016). "Analysis of the spatio-temporal variability of seawater quality in the southeastern Arabian Gulf." Marine Pollution Bulletin 106(1-2): 127-138.
Zhao, J., M. Temimi, S. A. Kitbi and N. Mezhoud (2016). "Monitoring HABs in the shallow Arabian Gulf using a qualitative satellite-based index." International Journal of Remote Sensing 37(8): 1937-1954.


Gonzalez, A., M. Temimi and R. Khanbilvardi (2015). "Adjustment to the curve number (NRCS-CN) to account for the vegetation effect on hydrological processes." Hydrological Sciences Journal 60(4): 591-605.
Norouzi, H., M. Temimi, A. AghaKouchak, M. Azarderakhsh, R. Khanbilvardi, G. Shields and K. Tesfagiorgis (2015). "Inferring land surface parameters from the diurnal variability of microwave and infrared temperatures." Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C 83-84: 28-35.
Norouzi, H., M. Temimi, C. Prigent, J. Turk, R. Khanbilvardi, Y. Tian, F. A. Furuzawa and H. Masunaga (2015). "Assessment of the consistency among global microwave land surface emissivity products." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 8(3): 1197-1205.
Zhao, J., M. Temimi, M. Al Azhar and H. Ghedira (2015). "Satellite-Based Tracking of Oil Pollution in the Arabian Gulf and the Sea of Oman." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 41(2) .
Zhao, J., M. Temimi and H. Ghedira (2015). "Characterization of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the Arabian Gulf and the Sea of Oman using MERIS fluorescence data." ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 101: 125-13.


Khanbilvardi, R., M. Temimi, J. Gourley and A. Zahraee (2014). Satellite-Based Systems for Flood Monitoring and Warning. Handbook of Engineering Hydrology, CRC Press: 515-530.

Rabin, R. M., M. Temimi, J. Stepinski and P. D. Bothwell (2014). "Monitoring surface dryness using geostationary thermal observations." Remote Sensing Letters 5(1): 10-18.
Temimi, M., T. Lakhankar, X. Zhan, M. H. Cosh, N. Krakauer, A. Fares, V. Kelly, R. Khanbilvardi and L. Kumassi (2014). "Soil Moisture Retrieval Using Ground-Based L-Band Passive Microwave Observations in Northeastern USA." Vadose Zone Journal 13(3).
Zhao, J., M. Temimi, H. Ghedira and C. Hu (2014). "Exploring the potential of optical remote sensing for oil spill detection in shallow coastal waters-a case study in the Arabian Gulf." Optics Express 22(11): 13755.


Stephen C. Medeiros, Scott C. Hagen, Naira Chaouch, Jesse Feyen, Marouane Temimi, John F. Weishampel, Yuji Funakoshi, and Reza Khanbilvardi. Assessing the Performance of a Northern Gulf of Mexico Tidal Model Using Satellite Imagery. Remote Sens. 2013, 5(11), 5662-5679.
Norouzi, H., M. Temimi, W. B. Rossow, and R. Khanbilvardi. 2013. AMSR-E/Aqua Monthly Global Microwave Land Surface Emissivity, Version 1. Boulder, Colorado USA. NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center.
C. Notarnicola, K.E. Lewińska, M. Temimi, M. Zebisch. Application of the Apparent Thermal Inertia concept for soil moisture estimation in agricultural areas. Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing, 331-346. Springer. 2013. ISBN 978-94-007-6639-6.
Hansong Tang, Steven I-Jy Chien, Marouane Temimi, Qu Ke, Liuhui Zhao, Cheryl Ann Blain, Simon Kraatz. (2013). Prediction of Coastal Flooding and Evacuation Demand Estimation Considering Climate Change. Natural Hazards.
Ali Fares, Marouane Temimi, Kelly Morgan, and Thijs Kelleners. (2013). In-Situ and Remote Soil Moisture Sensing Technologies for Vadose Zone Hydrology. Vadose Zone J. 2013 12. 10.2136/vzj2013.03.0058
Marouane Temimi, Christopher Hain, Robert Rabin, Martha Anderson, Xiwu Zhan, Claudia Notarnicola, Jan Stepinski. On the synergistic use of microwave and infrared satellite observations for the monitoring of soil moisture. A contribution to a book entitled ““Remote Sensing of Land Surface Turbulent Fluxes and Soil Surface Moisture Content: State of the Art”. 2013. Taylor & Francis. ISBN-10: 1466505788 | ISBN-13: 978-1466505780 0.
Reza Khanbilvardi, Marouane Temimi, Jonathan Gourley, and Ali Zahraee. Satellite-Based Systems for Flood Monitoring and Warning. Chapter 25 in the “Handbook of Engineering Hydrology” CRC Press 2014. Pages 515–530. Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-5241-8. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4665-5244-9. 10.1201/b15625-26
Naira Chaouch, Robert Leconte, Ramata Magagi, Marouane Temimi and Reza Khanbilvardi. Multi-Stage Inversion Method to Retrieve Soil Moisture from Passive Microwave Measurements over the Mackenzie River Basin. Vadose Zone Journal 2013 12: 3